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Enigmatic Wombat.jpg
Scientific Classification
Genera and Species
Image Description

Wombats are any of the species of marsupials belonging to the taxonomic Family Vombatidae. All wombats live in Australia. The vombatus ursinus’s (baby wombat) body color is light yellow, and grey, black, dark brown, and etc..; they have various body colors. They have short developed legs with short tails. The name, Wombat, is derived from the Eora tribe, who used to dwell in Sydney. Their strong paws and fore-teeth just suit their purpose to dig into the ground. They are very active during the nights or when the dark breaks, but they sometimes come out during the cool or cloudy weather. Since they are herbivores, they eat grasses and roots. [1]


This is what Wombat looks like.

The Wombat is often described as a small bear, a badger, a groundhog, and a marmot. [2] However, Wombat is a thick- set mammal that has a barrel- shaped, heavy body with short legs, large paws, muscular neck, and a huge, wide, flattened head. [3].The lengths of bodies between males and females are similar, but they sometimes have different sizes depending on their types.Also their eyes are small, their skulls and teeth look like what rodents have. [4] Wombats also have four incisor teeth which grow permanently throughout their lives, and long claws which are good for digging. In addition, in each jaw, they have a single pair of chisel-like incisors. [5]

They look like they do not have a tail, and their four legs are short and strong. Wombats and koalas have several things in common, which are they both have marsupiums (An external pouch or fold on the abdomen of most female marsupials, containing the mammary glands and in which the young continue to develop after leaving the uterus)[6] and short tails, their speckles in their stomachs shed a peculiar scenes, their similar structures of placentas, and etc.. their paws are long and strong, which are developed to dig the grounds.[7]


Baby wombat with it's mother.

Wombats don't have a specific mating season. [8] Their mating season all differs on their species. For instance, the Northern Hairy- nosed Wombat gives birth to one during the wet season (November to April). On the other hand, southern hairy- nosed wombat’s breeding season is in the summer. [9] Usually they produce a single young. It lives in the female's pouch for around six months. [10] The pouch of the female, unlike the kangaroo’s pouch, opens toward the rear. [11]. The young wombat leaves their mother after living in the mothers pouch for one year. [12] They bear one baby per one bearing. [13]


Wombat in a hollow log.

Wombats are very muscular and well- built, because they have short and powerful four limbs and sturdy shoulders which help them dig efficiently. They inhabit in forests or sand hill areas. Since they are nocturnal, they live in dens.Mostly, Wombats move slowly, however, they can move up to 40m/p till 90 seconds when they get threatened. Hairy-nosed species occupies no more that 9.9 acres, but the common wombat take over up to 57 acres. Tasmanian Devils and Dingos are Wombats’ predators. Wombat defend themselves by its toughened rear hide with most of the posterior made of cartilage. This combined with its lack of a meaningful tail, protects the wombats and makes it difficult for any predator. When wombats are being attacked, they go to a nearby tunnel and then use their rump to block the attacker. They also smash the predator against the roof of the tunnel.[14] Lasiorhinus latifroons, which suffered from the extermination, live in the west of Australia, dry area in inland. They act by them selves, so they hide in holes on the day time, and get out of the holes on the nights to get food, they eat such as roots or grasses. L. krefftii’s (Northern Hair Nose Wombat) body and the legs are short and think. Their hairs are soft and brown. With their strong front legs, they build their houses. They are also suffering from the extermination.[15][16]