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Togarmah (Hebrew: תוגרמה, Tōgarmāh; Armenian: Թորգոմ, T’orgom; Georgian: თარგამოს, T’argamos; "Name means::breaker of bones") was a son of son of::Gomer and brother of brother of::Ashkenaz and brother of::Riphath, according to Genesis 10:3 .


Y-DNA C3 Yakuts of Sakha {{by whom}}

Ezekiel 38:6 locates Togarmah "in the uttermost parts of the north." The magnetic North Pole (not to be confused with the latitudinal North Pole) currently rests directly over the Sakha republic of the Yakuts. Hundreds of years after the flood of Noah, the Assyrians called them the Til-garimmu (Tegarama in Hittite) who lived on the border of Tabal.[1] Other names for this people were Tegaram a Tilgarimma, Trocmi and Trogmades.

The Tegarma or Tegarama migrated from Cappadocia into Armenia,[2] and may have given their name to that district (the Armenians even claim descent from them and undoubtedly are in part). From there they moved into Turcoman territory (Turkistan) a possible derivation of Tegarama. In Turkestan, among the tablelands of Pamir, rose a great mount, Tagharama. The Septuagint form is Thorgama'. Milner discusses the trip to the deserts of Turkestan by Dr. Joseph Woolf, a missionary. Woolf recorded his experience in Travels and Adventures. He mentions how he came among a people claiming to be descendants of Japheth and calling themselves Togarmah. These were the Mongoloid peoples of the eastern division of the Turkic peoples of central Asia.[3]

A book containing old Hebrew traditions, the Book of Jasher, lists Bulgar, Tarki, and Ongal amongst the descendants of Togarmah.

Amongst the sign-posts indicating where Togarmah settled we find:

  • Tagarchi in eastern Turkestan
  • Tigranoama in eastern Turkey
  • Tagarma mountains in eastern Turkestan
  • The city of Tagarma in western China
  • Taganrog, Tigeretsk Mountain, Togur, and Turgai province.
  • Turgins, a town in Siberia.
  • Many Uighur peoples may be a derivative of Togarmah.

Tradition speaks in terms of a certain son of Japheth known as Tork. He in turn had a son Taunak Chan. He was in turn succeeded by Jelza Khan, Dibbakui Khan, Kajuk Khan and Ilingeh (or Alanza) Khan. Ilingeh had two sons: Tartar Khan—progenitor of the Tartars; and Mongul Khan—progenitor of the Mongols or Moghuls.[4] This is of course tradition, and whether it represents knowledge of another son of Japheth not recorded in scripture or is another name for Togarmah, one cannot be certain. Yet it would be a good guess to accept the second idea as the most appropriate and obvious given that it fits neatly into the overall anthropological and historical scheme.

One should realize that some of the Turks derive from Togarmah and Magog (those in the east) and some from Edom (those in the west). There has been mixing between the descendants of Esau, Togarmah, and Magog in Central Asia.

Moses of Chorene, who wrote the history of the Armenians c. 450 AD, claimed that their progenitor was none other than Togarmah (Armenian: Թորգոմ, Thor’gom) and they called themselves "House of Thorgom". It may be that the name Armenia derives from Togarmah. So, some of the descendants of Togarmah dwell in Armenia to this very day.

The golden-skinned Mongols of Mongolia and Inner Mongolia, mixed to a degree, with the descendants of Togarmah and Esau (some Turkics claim literal descent from Togarmah[5]). A few others appear to be in Siberia including the Dolgans and the Yakuts[6]. There we have the populous nations of central, east, and southeast Asia traced back to their origins.

See Also

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  1. Rapson, EJ (1914) Ancient India. Cambridge University Press, London: pp. 136-37, 202
  2. Bullinger, EW (c. 1890) Companion Bible. Samuel Baagster & Sons, London. Reprinted 1974: p. 1144
  3. Milner, W (1941) The Russian Chapters of Ezekiel. Destiny Publishers, Mass. (First published 1923): p. 46
  4. Kachur, V (1972) The Trans-Caucasion Migration of the Rusi Tribes. Dublin, Ohio: pp. 9-10
  5. Koestler, A (1976) The Thirteenth Tribe. Picador, London: p. 160
  6. Jochelson, W (1928) Peoples of Asiatic Russia. American Museum of Natural History: Map "Ethnographic map of Asiatic Russia" at the front of his book

External Links