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Great Tinamou.jpg
Scientific Classification
  • Tinamus
  • Nothocercus
  • Crypturellus
  • Rhynchotus
  • Nothoprocta
  • Nothura
  • Taoniscus
  • Eudromia
  • Tinamotis

Tinamiformes is a taxonomic order of birds that are also known as Tinamou. The order is represented by only one Family Tinamidae, which consists of 47 species in 9 genera. They are short-legged, little-headed and plump-bodied. They prefer to run rather than fly to avoid danger.

The Tinamous are found only in Central and South America. They are related to the ratites (Ostriches and Rheas). Generally ground dwelling, they are found in a range of habitats from woodlands to open grassland. They prefer eating a diet of berries and seeds off the ground. They also consume insects and small animals.

List of Birds in the Tinamidae Family


  • Grey Tinamou (Tinamus tao)
  • Solitary Tinamou (Tinamus solitarius)
  • Black Tinamou (Tinamus osgoodi)
  • Great Tinamou (Tinamus major)
  • White-throated Tinamou (Tinamus guttatus)


  • Highland Tinamou (Nothocercus bonapartei)
  • Tawny-breasted Tinamou (Nothocercus julius)
  • Hooded Tinamou (Nothocercus nigrocapillus)


  • Berlepsch's Tinamou (Crypturellus berlepschi)
  • Cinereous Tinamou (Crypturellus cinereus)
  • Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui)
  • Tepui Tinamou (Crypturellus ptaritepui)
  • Brown Tinamou (Crypturellus obsoletus)
  • Undulated Tinamou (Crypturellus undulatus)
  • Pale-browed Tinamou (Crypturellus transfasciatus)
  • Brazilian Tinamou (Crypturellus strigulosus)
  • Grey-legged Tinamou (Crypturellus duidae)
  • Red-legged Tinamou (Crypturellus erythropus)
  • Yellow-legged Tinamou (Crypturellus noctivagus)
  • Black-capped Tinamou (Crypturellus atrocapillus)
  • Thicket Tinamou (Crypturellus cinnamomeus)
  • Slaty-breasted Tinamou (Crypturellus boucardi)
  • Choco Tinamou (Crypturellus kerriae)
  • Variegated Tinamou (Crypturellus variegatus)
  • Rusty Tinamou (Crypturellus brevirostris)
  • Bartlett's Tinamou (Crypturellus bartletti)
  • Small-billed Tinamou (Crypturellus parvirostris)
  • Barred Tinamou (Crypturellus casiquiare)
  • Tataupa Tinamou (Crypturellus tataupa)


  • Red-winged Tinamou (Rhynchotus rufescens)
  • Huayco Tinamou (Rhynchotus maculicollis)


  • Taczanowski's Tinamou (Nothoprocta taczanowskii)
  • Ornate Tinamou (Nothoprocta ornata)
  • Chilean Tinamou (Nothoprocta perdicaria)
  • Brushland Tinamou (Nothoprocta cinerascens)
  • Andean Tinamou (Nothoprocta pentlandii)
  • Curve-billed Tinamou (Nothoprocta curvirostris)


  • White-bellied Nothura (Nothura boraquira)
  • Lesser Nothura (Nothura minor)
  • Darwin's Nothura (Nothura darwinii)
  • Spotted Nothura (Nothura maculosa)
  • Chaco Nothura (Nothura chacoensis)


  • Dwarf Tinamou (Taoniscus nanus)


  • Elegant Crested Tinamou (Eudromia elegans)
  • Quebracho Crested Tinamou (Eudromia formosa)


  • Puna Tinamou (Tinamotis pentlandii)
  • Patagonian Tinamou (Tinamotis ingoufi)


IOC World Bird List

External Links:

Birds of the World - Tinamidae - Tinamous