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Table of Nations

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The Table of Nations is the name given to the Biblical account in Genesis Chapter 10 of how different people descended from the sons and grandsons of Noah.

After the flood, people stayed in one area until God confused their languages at Babel, whereupon they began to disperse across the world. In general, the descendants of Japheth spread North, West, and East from Babel, into parts of Europe, Asia, and the Americas; the descendants of Ham spread south and east, into Africa, southeast Asia, and Australia; and the descendants of Shem remained around the Middle East and spread into Europe.

Genesis Chapter 10

10:1 Now this is the history of the generations of the sons of Noah and of Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Sons were born to them after the flood.

10:2 The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. 10:3 The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. 10:4 The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. 10:5 Of these were the islands of the nations divided in their lands, everyone after his language, after their families, in their nations.

10:6 The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. 10:7 The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 10:8 Cush became the father of Nimrod. He began to be a mighty one in the earth. 10:9 He was a mighty hunter before Yahweh. Therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod, a mighty hunter before Yahweh.” 10:10 The beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. 10:11 Out of that land he went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, 10:12 and Resen between Nineveh and Calah (the same is the great city). 10:13 Mizraim became the father of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 10:14 Pathrusim, Casluhim (which the Philistines descended from), and Caphtorim.

10:15 Canaan became the father of Sidon (his firstborn), Heth, 10:16 the Jebusite, the Amorite, the Girgashite, 10:17 the Hivite, the Arkite, the Sinite, 10:18 the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite. Afterward the families of the Canaanites were spread abroad. 10:19 The border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as you go toward Gerar, to Gaza; as you go toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, to Lasha. 10:20 These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their languages, in their lands, in their nations.

10:21 To Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, to him also were children born. 10:22 The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram. 10:23 The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. 10:24 Arpachshad became the father of Shelah. Shelah became the father of Eber. 10:25 To Eber were born two sons. The name of the one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided. His brother’s name was Joktan. 10:26 Joktan became the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 10:27 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 10:28 Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 10:29 Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan. 10:30 Their dwelling was from Mesha, as you go toward Sephar, the mountain of the east. 10:31 These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their languages, in their lands, after their nations.

10:32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations. Of these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.

Ancestor Worship

It's highly likely that many of the early patriarchs of the Post-Flood world, due to their vastly longer lifespans and knowledge, were revered by their descendants as being super-human to some degree. After their deaths, it is not difficult to suppose how they could have been mythologized.

List of possible Patriarch-mythical deity connections


  • – The Anishinaabeg Nanabozho.
  • – The ancient Chinese goddess Nüwa.
  • – The ancient Egyptian deity Nu.
  • – The ancient Hindu Manu.
  • – The ancient Near Eastern Anu
  • – The Hawaiian (Polynesian) Nu'u


  • Japheth (the son of Noah)
  • – The ancient Egyptian deity Heh.
  • – The ancient Greek Titan Iapetus.
  • – The ancient deity Hindu Prajapati.

  • Javan (the son of Japheth)
  • – The ancient Greek Ion, the son of Greek deity Apollo.

  • Dodanim (the grandson of Japheth)
  • – The ancient Greco-Roman deity Jupiter Dodonaeus (called "Zeus" by the Greeks), ancient Greek Dardanus.

  • Tiras (the son of Japheth)
  • – The Norse (Old Germanic) deity Thor (Thuras).


  • Ham (the son of Noah)
  • – The ancient Egyptian deity Kek.
  • – The ancient Egyptian deity Min (See: the concept of the land of Kemet)
  • – The ancient Near Eastern (Akkadian) deity Shamash
  • – The ancient Near Eastern (Leventian) deity Ba'al Hamman
  • – The ancient Near Eastern (Hurrians) deity Kumarbi
  • – The ancient Near Eastern (Sumerian) deity

  • Nimrod, Grandson of Ham
  • – The ancient Near Eastern (Sumerian) Legendary King Enmerkar and grandson of the Sumerian god deity Utu.

  • The Amorites (the descendants of Canaan, son of Ham)
  • – The ancient Near Eastern deity Amurru (also known as Martu)


  • Shem (the son of Noah)
  • – The ancient Egyptian Amun.

  • Ashur (the son of Shem)
  • – The ancient Assyrian deity Ashur

People Groups Corresponding to Biblical Nations

Descendants of Japheth

7 sons, 7 grandsons in the Table of Nations

  • Gomer: Austro-Asiatic peoples, Austronesians, Kradai peoples, Formosans, Tibeto-Burmans, Japanese people and Korean people, Finno-Ugrians, Samoyeds, and Turkic peoples.
    • Ashkenaz: Vietnamese, Cambodians, Thai, Laotians, Taiwanese, Malaysians, Indonesians, The Philippines|Filipinos, Tibet|Tibetans, Burma|Burmese, Japanese, and Koreans.
    • Riphath: Finland|Finns, Sámi people|Sámi (Lapps), Estonia|Estonians, Karelians, Livonians, Hungarians, Ostyaks, and Voguls.
    • Togarmah: Turks, Azerbaijanis, Kazakhstan|Kazakhs, Turkmenistan|Turkmen, Uzbeks, and Kyrgyzstan|Kyrgyz.
  • Magog: Han Chinese, Mongols, Japanese, Korean, Taiwan|Taiwanese, Samoyeds, Yupiks, Inuits, Aleuts, and Native Americans.

Descendants of Shem

5 sons, 5 grandsons mentioned in the Table of Nations

Descendants of Ham

4 sons, 24 grandsons, 2 great-grandsons mentioned in the Table of Nations,

Later Genealogies


Haran had one known son and two daughters:


The sons of Lot, the son of Haran:


Nahor married Milcah, daughter of his brother Haran, and had eight sons:

  • Huz
  • Buz
  • Kemuel
  • Chesed
  • Hazo
  • Pildash
  • Jidlaph
  • Bethuel



The sons of Jacob (Israel):


The sons of Ishmael[1]Arab nations (Arab means "mixed" in Hebrew. They mixed with numerous other nations as is implied by the other genealogies. Multiple people groups clearly lived and must have mixed together around Arabia and Mesopotamia).

Prophecy concerning Ishmael

Genesis 16:7-16

7 Now the Angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur. 8 And He said, “Hagar, Sarai’s maid, where have you come from, and where are you going?” She said, “I am fleeing from the presence of my mistress Sarai.”

9 The Angel of the LORD said to her, “Return to your mistress, and submit yourself under her hand.” 10 Then the Angel of the LORD said to her, “I will multiply your descendants exceedingly, so that they shall not be counted for multitude.” 11 And the Angel of the LORD said to her:

“Behold, you are with child,
And you shall bear a son.
You shall call his name Ishmael,
Because the LORD has heard your affliction.'
12 He shall be a wild man;
His hand shall be against every man,
And every man’s hand against him.
And he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.”

13 Then she called the name of the LORD who spoke to her, You-Are-the-God-Who-Sees; for she said, “Have I also here seen Him who sees me?” 14 Therefore the well was called Beer Lahai Roi;[2] observe, it is between Kadesh and Bered. 15 So Hagar bore Abram a son; and Abram named his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael. 16 Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.


After the death of his wife, Sarah, Abraham married Keturah who bore him six sons:

See Also


  1. Genesis 25:13-16
  2. Hebrew: Well of the One Who Lives and Sees Me

External Links