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Sidon (Phoenician: 𐤑𐤉𐤃𐤅𐤍, Ṣydwn; Hebrew: צידון, Ẓīḏōn; Greek: Σιδών, Sīdōn; Arabic: صيدا, Ṣaydā; "Name means::fishery"), Zidon, or Saïda can refer to either the firstborn son of Canaan, the son of Ham (Genesis 10:15,19) or to the third largest city in Lebanon, founded by him, located on the Mediterranean coast, just 40 km (25 mi) north of Tyre and 40 km (25 mi) south of the Lebanese capital, Beirut.


Sidon, according to Herodotus, was the first city founded by the Phoenicians. God prophesied of them:

"And he said, Thou shalt no more rejoice, O thou oppressed virgin, daughter of Sidon: arise, pass over to Chittim; there also shalt thou have no rest." - Isaiah 23:12

Josephus says that Cyprus was called Kition by the Greeks. It's inhabitants were called Kitieis and Kittiaeans. The Phoenicians called it Kt or Kty. That is where many Sidonians are today, caught up in the continual bickering between the Greeks and the Turks, with "no rest". Others scattered to Mysia, Malta, and North Africa. The Akkadians rendered the Sidonians as Sidunu and the Armana tablets as Sa'idunu.

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