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Republic of Serbia
Република Србија
Republika Srbija
Location of Serbia on the European continent
Location of Serbia on the European continent
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Боже правде / Bože pravde
"God of Justice"
Patron Saint(s): Saint Sava
Official language(s) Serbian
Demonym Serbian, Serb
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  Prime Minister Ana Brnabić
 -  President of Parliament Maja Gojković
 -  Supreme Court President Dragomir Milojević
 -  Water (%) 0.13
 -  2011 census 7,186,862 (74)
 -  Density 115/km2 (94)
297.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total 79,545,000,000 (67)
 -  Per capita 10,528 (75)
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total 37,199,000,000 (71)
 -  Per capita 4,917 (74)
Currency Serbian dinar (RSD)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Internet TLD .rs (.yu)
Calling code 381

Serbia (Serbian: Србија, Srbija) or the Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Република Србија, Republika Srbija) is a landlocked country in Central Europe and Balkans , covering the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the central part of the Balkan Peninsula. It borders Hungary on the north; Romania and Bulgaria on the east; Albania and Republic of Macedonia on the south; and Montenegro, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina on the west. Its capital is Belgrade.



For centuries shaped at cultural boundaries between Eastern Europe and Western Europe, a powerful medieval Serbian Kingdom, later Serbian Empire, has been born, taking up much of the Balkans. The modern state of Serbia emerged in 1817 following the Second Serbian Uprising. Later, it expanded its territory further south to include Kosovo and Metohija and the regions of Raška and Vardar Macedonia(in 1912). Finally, Vojvodina (formerly an autonomous Habsburg crownland named Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat) proclaimed its Banat, Bačka and Baranja from Austria-Hungary, and united with Serbia in November 25, 1918, preceded by the Syrmia region a day before. The current borders of the country were established following the end of World War II, when Serbia became a federal unit within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Serbia became an independent state again in 2006, after Montenegro left the Serbia and Montenegro which was formed after the Breakup of Yugoslavia in 1990s.


The Serbian people, or Serbs, are a Indo-European people descendants from Arpachshad. They speak a Slavic language a branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe,and are ethnically related to other peoples such as the Russians, Slovaks, Croats, Belarusians, Czechs, Poles, Ukrainians, and Bulgarians.

There we have it; a part of Elam dwells today in Serbia. One wonders whether the name of Serbia derives from the Seropi or Surappi River in Elam and that the capital of Croatia, Zagreb, derives from the Zagreb mountain range in ancient Elam. Interestingly, the mountain range Dinara in Dalmatia and the Dinar currency may be connected to Mount Dinar of ancient Elam. It may be no coincidence that the fifth king of Elam was Tata and the word тата (Tȁta) means "Dad" in Serbian. Further, Strabo also has the Elimeia as dwelling in Macedonia.[1]


  1. Marcellinus, A The Surviving Books of the History Of Ammianus Marcellinus. Loeb Classical Library, London. Translated by J.C. Rolfe, William Howemann, London : xxiii.6, 42-43

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