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Saudi Arabia

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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
المملكة العربية السعودية
al-Mamlaka al-ʻArabiyya as-Suʻūdiyya
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: لا اله الا الله محمد رسول الله
lā ‘ilāha ‘illallāh muhammadur-rasūlullāh
There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of Allah
Anthem: عاش المليك
Aash Al Maleek
Long live the King
Official language(s) Arabic
Demonym Saudi, Saudi Arabian
Government Absolute monarchy
 -  Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz
 -  Water (%) 0.001
 -  2007 estimate 27,601,038 
 -  Density 11/km2 (205)
28.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total 555,055,000,000 
 -  Per capita 22,851 
GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate
 -  Total 381,938,000,000 
 -  Per capita 15,724 
Currency Riyal (SAR)
Time zone MSK (UTC+3)
Internet TLD .sa
Calling code 966

Saudi Arabia (Arabic: السعودية, as-Suʻūdiyya) or the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Arabic: المملكة العربية السعودية, al-Mamlaka al-ʻArabiyya as-Suʻūdiyya) is a country on the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East, bordered by Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen.


The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded by King Abdulaziz Al Saud (known in the West as Ibn Saud) in 1932. He had gained control of the city of Riyadh in 1902, going on to conquer much of the Arabian peninsula in the next thirty years. All kings of Saudi Arabia after Ibn Saud's death have been his sons.

Large oil reserves were discovered in Saudi Arabia in 1938.

See Also