A chemical reaction is a change in which a substance loses its characteristics and becomes one or more new substances.
Catalyst - a substance that changes a reaction rate without being permanently changed by the reaction.
+ is placed between the formulas of individual reactants and products.
→ means 'yields' or 'produces'; separates reactants from products.
= is the same as arrow.
(s) indicates a solid reactant or product.
(l) indicates a liquid reactant or product.
Oxidation and Reduction
Redox reactions are chemical reactions in which one substance surrenders electrons to another. Redox is the common abbreviated form of the name, which is more formally known as an oxidation-reduction reaction. The reactions that take place in all electrochemical cells, or "batteries," are redox reactions. So, too, are all electrolytic reactions.
- Cox, Porch, and Wetzel. Chemistry for Christian Schools. South Carolina: Bob Jones University Press, 2000. (p.530).
- Cox, p538.
- Cox, p537.
- Cox, p539.
- Cox, p536.
- Cox, p202.