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Portuguese Republic
República Portuguesa
Location of Portugal on the European continent
Map of Portugal
Location of Portugal on the European continent
Location of Portugal on the European continent
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: "A Portuguesa"
"The Portuguese Anthem"
Patron Saint(s): Saint George
(and largest city)
Official language(s) Portuguese
Recognised regional languages Mirandese[a]
Ethnic groups (2007) 96.87% Portuguese
3.13% others
Demonym Portuguese
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional republic
 -  President Aníbal Cavaco Silva
 -  Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho
 -  Assembly President Assunção Esteves
Legislature Assembly of the Republic
Formation Conventional date for independence is 1139 
 -  Founding 868 
 -  Re-founding 1095 
 -  De facto sovereignty 24 June 1128 
 -  Kingdom 25 July 1139 
 -  Recognized 5 October 1143 
 -  Papal Recognition 23 May 1179 
 -  Republic 5 October 1910 
 -  Democracy 25 April 1974 
 -  Total 92,212 km2 (111th)
35,603 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.5
 -  2012 estimate 10,581,949 (77th)
 -  2011 census 10,561,614 
 -  Density 115/km2 (96th)
298/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $248.981 billion (49)
 -  Per capita $23,361 (41)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $238.880 billion (42)
 -  Per capita $22,413 (35)
Gini (2009) 33.7 
HDI (2011) increase 0.809 (very high) (41st)
Currency Euro (€)[b] (EUR)
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 -  Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
Note that the Azores are in a different timezone (UTC-1 in summer).
Date formats dd-mm-yyyy, yyyy-mm-dd
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .pt
Calling code 351
a. ^ Mirandese, spoken in some villages of the municipality of Miranda do Douro, was officially recognized in 1999 (Lei n.° 7/99 de 29 de Janeiro), since then awarding an official right-of-use Mirandese to the linguistic minority it is concerned. Portuguese Sign Language is also recognized.
b. ^ Prior to 1999, the national currency was the Portuguese escudo ($).

For the Portuguese CreationWiki: Click here

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa), is a country in the extreme southwest of Europe, located on the Iberian Peninsula. It borders Spain to the north and east; the North Atlantic Ocean to the west and south, and also includes two archipelagos in the Atlantic: the Azores and Madeira. Its capital city is Lisbon.


Portugal has been continuously settled since ancient times. It was settled by Celts like the Gallaeci and the Lusitanians who later were integrated into the Roman Republic and assimilated with the Roman conquerors. Germanic peoples such as the Suebi, Alans, Buri, Vandals and the Visigoths later settled the region. In the 8th century most of the Iberian Peninsula was conquered by Moorish invaders professing Islam, who were later expelled by the Knights Templar under the Order of Christ. During the Christian Reconquista, Portugal established itself as an independent kingdom from León in 1139, claiming to be the oldest European nation state.[1]


  1. Brian Jenkins, Spyros A. Sofos, "Nation and identity in contemporary Europe", p. 145, Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-12313-5