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Polytheism is belief in or worship of multiple gods or deities. The word comes from the Greek words poly theoi, meaning "many gods." In polytheistic belief, gods are perceived as complex beings of greater or lesser status, with individual skills, needs, desires and histories. These gods are not seen as being omnipotent, but rather human-like, having specific skills and abilities.

Gods and goddesses in Greek and Roman mythology

Name in Greek mythology ARES.jpg Name in Roman mythology Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg.png Atributes Features Reference to the god or the name of the god in the Bible 390px-Textus Receptus Erasmo.jpg
Apollo Phoebus god of the sun and music 1Corinthians 3:4 e Titus 3:13 - a disciple with name of the god Apollo
Dionysus Bacchus god of wine Acts 17:34 - Dionysius, a member of the Areopagus with the same name as the god of wine, was one of the converts of Paul in Athens.[1]
Demeter Ceres goddess of the earth Acts 19:23-24 (Demetrios means pertaining to Demeter)
Eros Cupid god of love
Artemis Diana goddess of the moon and hunting Acts 19:23-27
Tyche Fortuna goddess of luck
Janus Roman god of gates, doors, and new beginnings two-headed
Hera Juno queen of the gods
Zeus Jupiter king of the gods, Jupiter is the supreme god of the pantheon. Acts 14:12-13
Maia goddess of growth
Ares Mars god of war Acts 17:16-34 citing the Areopagus, the hill of Ares
Hermes Mercury messenger of the gods Acts 14:12
Athena Minerva goddess of wisdom Acts 17:16-34
Poseidon Neptune god of the sea
Hades Pluto king of the underworld Luke 10:15 , Matthew 11:24 , Luke 16:19-31 ,Acts 2:25-31 , Acts 1:18 ,Acts 6:8 ,Acts 20:13-14
Persephone Proserpina queen of the underworld
Chronos Saturn god of agriculture
Uranus Caelus god of the heavens
Aphrodite Venus goddess of love
Hestia Vesta goddess of hearth
Hephaestus Vulcan god of smithing

Gods and goddesses in Egyptian mythology

Egyptian religion was never a unitary role. There were always local gods up and down the land.[2]

Name in Egyptian mythologyEye of Horus bw.svg.png Image of deity Horus standing.svg.png Atributes Features
Horus Horus standing.svg.png King of the living in Egypt Man with head of falcon


  1. Douglas, J.D.; Tenney, Merril C, ed. (1987). The New International Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House. p. 272. ISBN 0-310-33190-0. 
  2. Douglas, J. D., ed. (1980). The Illustrated Bible Dictionary. Inter-Varsity Press/Tyndale House Publishers. p. 429. ISBN 0-8423-7525-2.