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Pleistocene landscape with a woolly rhinoceros in the foreground

The Pleistocene (Greek: πλεῖστος, pleīstos, "most", and Greek: καινός, kainós (latinized as Latin: cænus), "new"), was an epoch that began between 2.5 and 1.8 million years ago (depending on dating methods) and ended sometime between 10,000 and 12,000 years ago. The Pleistocene is the first epoch of the Quaternary Period and the sixth epoch of the Cenozoic Era.[1] For much of the Pleistocene, Earth was covered in glaciers that extended as far as 40 degrees North and South. The extreme severity of the ice age has caused some species to become extinct.[2] The Pleistocene was also the time period where humans first appeared and the great mammals become extinct at the end.[3] By about 100,000 years ago, humans reached their modern form. The Late Pleistocene saw worldwide flooding as glaciers and ice caps melted and may have been the historical context behind the Biblical story of Noah's Ark. Such worldwide flooding may occur again in the 21st century because of the sin's of man. The sin of destroying the environment is resulting in the Wrath of an Angry God because we are destroying his Creation. The Pleistocene floods were likely products of natural processes because humans did not have the technology at the time to destroy the planet.

Sins of the Pleistocene

Woolly mammoths were driven to extinction by climate change and human impacts.

Despite the fact that we had primitive technology during this epoch, scientists believe modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) are responsible for several major extinction events as well as a possible genocide of our Neanderthal breathern (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis). Woolly mammoths and mastadons were both killed off during the Pleistocene as well as giant sloths. Despite having no weapons of mass destructions, humans have been sinful ever since we existed.


  1. Anderson, J. Kerby; Coffin, Harold G (1977). Fossils in Focus. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House. p. 95. ISBN 0-310-35741-1. 
  2. Haines, Tim; Chambers, Paul (2006). The Complete Guide to Prehistoric Life. Richmond Hill, Ontario: Firefly Books. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-55407-125-8. 
  3. Stahl, Barbara J (1985). Vertebrate History: Problems in Evolution. New York: Dover Publications. p. 20. ISBN 0-486-64850-8.