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Frescoe by Raphael (1509) showing Plato pointing toward the heavens, in contrast to Aristotle who pointed toward the Earth.

Plato (Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, "name means::broad") (428/Born::427 BC348/Died::347 BC) was a classical Greek philosopher, the student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. In addition to his legendary philosophizing, he was also a renown mathematician and the founder of the first educational institution for older students, the Academy.[1]

Though the work he produced throughout his life was important, it's equally important to note that many historians believe that Plato was a frequent participant in homosexual escapades throughout his life. According to Diogenes, Plato was originally named Aristocles (Greek: Αριστοκλης, Aristokles), but his wrestling coach, Ariston of Argos gave him the nickname Platon, because of his athletic figure.

Plato wrote the following question and answer sometime around 350 BC:

Is the world created or uncreated?—that is the first question.

Created, I reply, being visible and tangible and having a body, and therefore sensible; and if sensible, then created; and if created, made by a cause, and the cause is the ineffable father of all things, who had before him an eternal archetype.[2]


At some point in antiquity, it became the tradition to arrange Plato's writings, or what are called dialogues in groups of four called, "tetralogies."

Volume I: Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Phaedo

Voume II: Cratylus, Theaetetus, Sophist, Statesman

Volume III: Parmenides, Philebus, Symposium, Phaedrus

Volume IV: Alcibiades, 2nd Alcibiades, Hipparchus, Rival Lovers

Volume V: Theages, Charmides, Laches, Lysis

Volume VI: Euthydemus, Protagoras, Gorgias, Meno

Volume VII: Hippias major, Hippias minor, Ion, Menexenus

Volume VIII: Clitophon, Republic, Timaeus, Critias

Volume IX: Minos, Laws, Epinomis, Letters


  1. Plato Wikipedia
  2. TIMAEUS by Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett