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Ophir (Hebrew: אופיר, Ōfīr; Greek: Σουφιρ, Ouphir; Σωφιρα, Sōphira; meaning "reducing to ashes") was the eleventh son of Joktan, according to Genesis 10:29 .


Ophir's descendants are clearly difficult to trace and many of them seem to have disappeared having melted into the local south Arabian population.

Location of Ophir

A potsherd discovered at Tell Qasile has inscribed on it: ז] הב אפר לבית חרן] ("Gold of Ophir for Beth-Horon"). This proves that the fabulous land of Ophir existed. This also proves that the Bible does not fabricate places or events. Ophir was real, it existed.

Wherever Ophir was, it was a place of gold mines, various Scriptures point out:

"Upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir." - Psalm 45:9

"...Where shall wisdom be found? ... It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir." - Job 22:24

"Then shalt thou lay up gold as dust, and the gold of Ophir as the stones of the brooks." - Job 28:16

The above scriptures clearly indicate that "Ophir" was a place abundant in gold. The New Bible Commentary itself mentions southwest Arabia, Punt on the Red Sea, Zimbabwe, and India as possibilities. The three most popular theories for the location of Ophir is south-west Arabia, Zimbabwe, and Afghanistan or north-west India. The Septuagint renders Ophir as Σωφιρα, Sōphira which is the same as Ⲥⲟⲫⲓⲣ, Sōphir, the Coptic name for India. Soupara is an ancient city on the west coast of India, near Goa. All the goods of 1_Kings 10:22 are more or less appropriate to India.

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