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Michael Ruse

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Michael Ruse (Birmingham, June 21, 1940) is an English philosopher of biology at Florida State University, well known for its work in the controversy creation vs. evolution and in the demarcation problem in science.


He actively participated in the debate in Congress involving creating x evolution. He also writes about sociobiology and evolutionary psychology. He is the founder of the journal Biology and Philosophy,[1].

Interviewed by Ben Stein in the film Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed, Ruse was asked to explain how one gets from an inorganic world to the world of the cell. All Michael Ruse could answer was to evoke a popular theory that this transition had been made ​​"on the backs of crystals". That is, the only answer that Ruse had a hand to launch is that the complex molecules that we see in the cells were formed in an increasingly complexity way supported on the backs of crystals. In his response, Ruse comes to cite in this process the emergence of mutations. Ruse concludes that this is "at least a hypothesis".


  • Ruse, Michael (1979). The Darwinian revolution. Chicago: Chicago University Press. ISBN 0-226-73164-2. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1979). Sociobiology, sense or nonsense?. New York: Springer. ISBN 90-277-0943-2. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1981). Is science sexist? and other problems in the biomedical sciences. Boston: Springer/D. Reidel Publishing Company. ISBN 90-277-1250-6. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1981). Darwinism defended, a guide to the evolution controversies. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0-201-06273-9. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1986). Taking Darwin seriously: a naturalistic approach to philosophy. Blackwell Publishers. ISBN 0-631-13542-1. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1988). But is it science? the philosophical question in the creation/evolution controversy. Prometheus Books. ISBN 0-87975-439-7. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1989). The Philosophy of biology today. State Univ of New York Press. ISBN 0-88706-911-8. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1990). Homosexuality: a philosophical inquiry. Blackwell Publishers. ISBN 0-631-17553-9. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1993). The Darwinian paradigm: essays on its history, philosophy and religious implications. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-08951-4. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1995). Evolutionary naturalism: selected essays. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-08997-2. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1997). Monad to man: the concept of progress in evolutionary biology. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-58220-9. 
  • Ruse, Michael (1999). Biology and the foundation of ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-55923-5. 
  • Ruse, Michael (2000). The evolution wars: a guide to the debates. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-57607-185-5. 
  • Ruse, Michael (2001). Mystery of mysteries: is evolution a social construction?. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-00543-0. 
  • Ruse, Michael (2004). Can a Darwinian be a Christian? the relationship between science and religion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-63716-3. 
  • Ruse, Michael (2004). Darwin and Design: Does evolution have a purpose?. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01631-9. 
  • Ruse, Michael (2005). The Evolution-Creation Struggle. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01687-4. 
  • Ruse, Michael (2006). Darwinism and its Discontents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-82947-X. 
  • Dembski, William A.; Ruse, Michael (2007). Debating Design: From Darwin to DNA. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-52170990-3. 
  • Ruse, Michael (2009). Philosophy after Darwin. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-13553-3. 
  • Ruse, Michael (2009). Defining Darwin: Essays on the History and Philosophy of Evolutionary Biology. Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-59102-725-X. 
  • Ruse, Michael (2010). Science and Spirituality: Making room for faith in the age of science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-75594-8. 
  • Ruse, Michael (2012). The Philosophy of Human Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-75594-8.