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Linus Pauling

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Linus Carl Pauling

Linus Carl Pauling was born in Portland, Oregon on February 28, 1901. He was the first child of Herman Henry William Pauling and Lucy Isabelle Pauling's children. He is known as one of the greatest chemist of the 20th century. His best part is known as Vitamin C advocate and two-time winner of the novel Prize. Although he was a chemist, he also worked as machinist, peace activist, educator, and author during his life. As he passionately insisted the importance of taking vitamins until he died on 19 August, 1994. Most people today are aware of the significance of taking vitamins as they gradually followed his theory. He proved that one can make a difference in the world.[1]

Biography

Linus Pauling

Early Years

Linus Pauling was born in Portland, Oregon, on 28th February, 1901. His real name is "Linus Carl". He was born as Herman Henry William Pauling (1876-1910) and Lucy Isabelle Darling's(1881-1926) first child. Linus Pauling started his life with his family in a one-room apartment in Portland. After his sister, Pauline, was born in 1902, their parents thought they need other place to live better life, so their family decided to Salem, where his father got a job. Later when Linus Pauling's sister Lucile was born in 1904, their family moved to Oswego. However, his father, Herman Pauling's business was bad, so they moved again to Condon, in 1905. [2]

When Linus Pauling was nine years old, his father, Herman Pauling died on June 11, 1910, from a health problem. Although he'd faced hard financial situation, Linus continually pursued his interest in chemistry. Linus had an insatiable appetite for reading when he was a child. When Pauling was in High school, he had a dream of becoming a chemist with his friends, Lloyd A. Jeffress and Lloyd Simon. He graduated from Oregon State University in 1917. There, Linus met Ava Helen Miller in 1917 and married with HER in 1923. They have four children: Linus Jr., Peter Jeffress, Linda Helen, and Edward Crellin. [3]

His life Linus Pauling was interested in molecular structure and the chemical bond's nature when he was young. By his exertion, he finally could research seriously about theoretical problem and experimental measurement of the structures. He contributed to the progress of science during his life time. He was awarded two Nobel Prizes one for Chemistry in 1954 and one for Peace in 1962. Moreover, he continually was researching about other scientific problems in California. Linus Pauling died in 1994 at the age of 93.[4]

Achievements

Linus Carl Pauling

Linus Pauling is famous for both vitamins and minerals. Up until 1994, the year of his death, he strongly recommended to people to take a massive amount of vitamin C when people got diseases, whatever they get, even a cancer. He was a devotee of the vitamin C and used to say that the vitamin C is a panacea (cure all). There were many Nobelists who won more than one Nobel Prize, but Linus Pauling is the only to receive two undivided awards. He became the Nobel laureate in Chemistry in 1954 exclusively, and he again won the Nobel Prize in 1962 to appreciate his great achievement toward disarmament.[5]

According to a famous science journal, New Scientist, Einstein, Darwin, Newton, Edison and Pauling are always listed when scientists pick the top 20 great scientists. In 1970s, Pauling published "Vitamin C and the Common Cold". It was the period that the medical circles thought vitamin were useless when people just ate well. Some even criticized Pauling's theory and was insistance regarding the use of vitamin C. After that, all of the people including the group who used to have cynical smile on Pauling insisted that people take Vitamin A, C, and E to prevent cancer and heart disease. In May, 1981, he warned people by saying this, "The amount of vitamins in modern food is much more insufficient than those 20 years ago. Since last 70 years, taking in fat, sugars has been increased 30% and 50% each, but rate of eating vegetables and fruits are decreased 40%". As Linus Pauling made lots of great achievements to the world, many scientists follow what Pauling went through and they've been making productive results to the society.[6]

At-One-Glance Chart

Born 28 February 1901(1901-02-28) Portland, Oregon, USA
Died 19 August 1994 (age 93) Big Sur, California, USA
Residence United States
Nationality American
Fields Quantum chemistry, Biochemistry
Institutions Caltech, UCSD, Stanford
Alma mater Oregon Agricultural College, Caltech
Doctoral advisor Roscoe G. Dickinson
Other academic advisors Arnold Sommerfeld, Erwin Schrödinger, Niels Bohr
Doctoral students Jerry Donohue, Martin Karplus, Matthew Meselson, Edgar Bright Wilson, William Lipscomb
Known for Elucidating the nature of chemical bonds and the structures of molecules, Advocating nuclear disarmament
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1954), Nobel Peace Prize (1962), Lenin Peace Prize (1968-1969)

[7]

"Quotations"

Everyone should know that most cancer research is largely a fraud, and that the major cancer researcher ganizations are derelict in their duties to the people who support them. -Linus Pauling
The best way to have a good idea is to have a lot of ideas. -Linus Pauling
Satisfaction of one's curiosity is one of the greatest sources of happiness in life. -Linus Pauling
Facts are the air of scientists. Without them you can never fly. -Linus Pauling

[8]

Videos

References