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King Hezekiah

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Hezekiah's Tunnel (Hezekiah's Tunnel)

King Hezekiah's existence is proven through the two known bullae allong with 4,000 jars that were stamped to indicate his ownership of them. [1] The second reason to believe in Hezekiah's existence lies within the tunnel he created for Judea. He created the tunnel so that the Judeans would have a way to keep water away from the Assyrians who were laying siege on the city, through his leadership the engineers crafted this tunnel as an amazing feat of architecture.


The two main artifacts that point to Hezekia's existence are the bullae that represent a scarab beetle pushing of holding a ball of dung. The inscription embedded on the bullae reads, "Seal of Hezekiah, son of Ahaz, King of Juda. [2] Usually these seals were only meant for slaves to use, as representations of their masters. But the two bullae clearly represent King Hezekiah and are therefore one of a kind. The dimensions of the bullae are small, the length is 11.9 mm and the width is 13.2 mm. The bullae were used to make an impression on letters and possessions of the king. About 4,000 jar handles from Hezekia's reign contain the imprint of the bullae with the inscription of "belonging to the king" on it. The combination of the seal and these jars prove Hezekia truly existed within 727-697 BC.[1]

Hezekiah's Tunnel

Hezekiah was in a time of war and decided to side with Judea in hopes of defeating the Assyrians, Sennacherib then invaded Judea in hopes of destroying it.

And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come and intended to fight against Jerusalem, he planned with his officers and his mighty men to stop the water of the springs that were outside the city; and they helped him. A great many people were gathered, and they stopped all the springs and the brook that flowed through the land, saying, "Why should the kings of Assyria come and find much water?" 2 Chronicles 32:2-4 RSV
Hezekiah did not want Sennacherib to reach the water supply, so he decided to build a tunnel,
This same Hezekiah closed the upper outlet of the waters of Gihon and directed them down to the west side of the city of David. (2 Chronicles 32:30 RSV
Hezekiah ordered engineers to build a tunnel that joined Gihon to the Gai wadi to transfer water. As the seige continued, Hezekia prayed to God and
And the angel of The Lord went forth, and slew a hundred and eighty-five thousand in the camp of the Assyrians; and when men arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies Isaiah 37:36 RSV
[3] In 1838, archaeologist Edward Robinson discovered a water tunnel built by King Hezekiah. Hezekiah built a 1750-foot tunnel for water transfer from one city to another. An inscription was found in the tunnel reading
[...when] (the tunnel) was driven through. And this was the way in which it was cut through: While [...] (were) still [...] axe(s), each man toward his fellow, and while there were still three cubits to be cut through, [there was heard] the voice of a man calling to his fellows, for there was an overlap in the rock on the right [and on the left]. And when the tunnel was driven through, the quarrymen hewed (the rock), each man toward his fellow, axe against axe; and the water flowed from the spring toward the reservoir for 1200 cubits, and the height of the rock above the head(s) of the quarrymen was 100 cubits.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Lasting Impressionsby Robert Deutsch, last viewed 2010
  2. LMLKThis page was created on January 23, 2002, & last updated on December 15, 2005
  3. Hezekiah's Tunnel study by Wayne Blank last viewed 2010
  4. Kings of Israel paraphrazed from the Bible, last viewed 2010

External Links

Kings of Israel paraphrazed from the Bible, last viewed 2010

hezekia's tunnel Site last updated: April 21, 2010

Dating of Hezekiah Temple by Jerry Barach Public release date: 10-Sep-2003

Hezekiah a Faithful King by Jerold Aust © 1995-2010 United Church of God, an International Association | Privacy Policy

King Hezekiah by Frank Moore Cross, March-April, 1999

Profiles of faith by Jerold Aust

Hezekai, or Ezekias Copyright ©2001-2009 George Konig and Ray Konig and All rights reserved.

Hezekiah2 by The Jerusalem Mosaic. Copyright 1995 Hebrew University of Jerusalem -- All Rights Reserved.