The Karoo refers to a large desert area in South Africa, a smaller valley called the Little Karoo, and a geological formation of sedimentary strata called the Karoo Supergroup. The Karoo Supergroup covers about two thirds of South Africa and at least 40,000 fossils have been collected from Karoo rocks.
Some very high estimates of the number of fossils buried (800 billion) have served as criticisms of the Genesis Flood concept. That large a number of animals alive at once is one difficulty for Flood concepts, while the presence of many fossils in one place supports the Flood. Many have written articles, questioning the reasonableness of the very high estimate, and pointing out that the Flood would tend to trap many animal bodies in one area. Compare the article on Large Collections of Fossils.
- The Karoo vertebrate nonproblem: 800 billion fossils or not by John Woodmorappe. CEN Technical Journal 14(2) 2000