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Javan (Hebrew: יון, Yāvān; Greek: Ιωυαν, Iouān; "Name means::miry, swampy") was the fourth son of son of::Japheth, and father of father of::Elishah, father of::Tarshish, father of::Kittim, and father of::Dodanim, according to Genesis 10:2 and Genesis 10:4 .


Y-DNA Haplogroup C2 (C-M38)

All scholars, almost without exception, will readily identify Javan with the Greek: Ίωνες, Íōnes,[1] translated in the Bible as Grecia or Greece. The Assyrians called them Yawani, Yamani or Iam-anu and the Achaemenians termed them Yauna.[2] The inscriptions of Sargon and Sennacherib label the Ionian isles as Mat Yauna and Yaniana. The Persians called them Yauna or Yuna, Yaman in Akkadian, Yauna in Elamite; the Babylonians Yavanu[3] and the Egyptians Wynn[4]. It appears that these ancient peoples knew each other's origins.

The Original Ionians

Because Greece lay close to the Ionian Isles, the Assyrians called Greece the "Island of the Ionians."[5] While the Pakistani dialect, Urdu, calls the Greeks Yunani which is a derivation of the Persian Yauna or Ionian which in turn derives from the Sanskrit root word Yavana. All the above proves that the word Ionia is a derivation of Javan.

The early settlers in Greece were not Indo-Europeans but, Aegeans. The Indo-Europeans committed genocide against them in the famous Peloponnesian War, a barbarous civil war between tribes. What remnant was left of them were either pushed north where in turn they migrated farther east, or were absorbed into the Indo-Europeans.

Greek tradition traces their ancestry back to one Japetos, who is obviously Japheth.[6] In fact, Aristophanes (ca. 446 BC–ca. 386 BC) in his poem "The Clouds" takes the ancestry of the Greeks back to Japetos while the Persians called them Jaones. To this day, a group of islands off the west coast of Greece is the Ionioi. However, other traditions of theirs claiming that all four major subdivisions (Dorians, Æolians, Achæans, and Ionians) derive from one forefather,[7] must be fabricated, in part, to justify their varied origins, as the Dorians, Æolians, and Archæans were Indo-Europeans, not Aegeans like the original, autochthonous Ionians. Even before the Indo-European Greek tribes settled in what is now Greece, another Shemitic people known as the Pelasgians (descendants of Peleg) had done so previously and are said to have "spread throughout the whole of Greece" in ancient times.[8] The Greeks did maintain one other tradition, recorded in the Deuterocanonical book 1 Maccabees and by Josephus in his Antiquities, that is significant to this thesis: that they descended from Abraham.

These two sources state that in about 180 BC the King of Sparta sent the following letter to the Jews in Jerusalem:

"Arius king of the Spartans to Onias the high priest, sendeth greetings. It is found in writing concerning the Spartans, and the Jews, that they are brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham. And now since this is come to our knowledge, you do well to write to us of your prosperity." - 1 Maccabees 12:20-22 (Douay-Rheims)

The Jews in Jerusalem are reported to have replied as follows:

We joyfully received the epistle, and were well pleased with Demoteles and Aræus, although we did not need such a demonstration, because we were well satisfied about it from the sacred writings.[9]

Josephus called attention to the 'seal' upon the letter from Arius: "This letter is four-square, and the seal is an eagle with a dragon in it's claws." Such an emblem can be traced to the tribe of Dan. The letter of reply mentioned "sacred writings." This could refer to Ezekiel 27:19 where Dan is represented, in company with Greece, trading to Tyre. This ancestry is likely to be that of the early Indo-European settlers in Greece (i.e. the Dorians, Æolians, Archæans, and later Ionians) in contrast to the autochthonous Japhetic Ionians.

Other Descendants

The Amarna Tablets mention Yivana as being in the land of Tyre and yet a large branch of Javan went east. China's Yunnan Province, its Yuan dynasty and river, the cities of Yunnan, Yunpe and Yun; as well as the Yuan-Yuan Empire all indicate migrations further east. Also called Jwen-Jwen, we find them in northern China. We also find the Yun-Ho, Yuan-Hu, Yuen-Chih, Yuen-Chow Fu, Yuen-Fu, Yuen-Kiang, Yuen River, Yuen-Mou, Yuenngan, Yuen-Shan, Yun, Yuna, Yun-Lien, Yun-Lung, the Yawng River ("Y" & "I" were predecessors of the modern "J"). Javan's portion was "all the islands" (Book of Jubilees 9:10) which couples with Javan being identified as in "isles afar off" (Isaiah 66:19 ) from Jerusalem.

The Javanese people live on the island of Java in Indonesia. According to Johannes Schöner's First Globe (1515), Borneo is called Iava Major and Martin Behaim's Globe (1492) also labels Borneo as Java Major. Taiwan is a corruption of Javan; by changing the "W" or "V" to "B" and then to "P" we get Japan.[10] The Genoese Map of 1457 shows a large island in the Pacific Ocean called Iave. A city in Kiushiu, Japan is Yanagawa as well as a town called Yunokawa. The Yana and Oyana Indians of California and Brazil, in addition to many of the people of Madagascar (since its much population came from Indonesia) appear also to be colonies.

See Also

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  1. Douglas, J (Ed) (et al) (1972) New Bible Dictionary. Inter-Varsity Press, London: p. 600
  2. Ibid.
  3. Sayce, AH (1899) A Dictionary Of The Bible. (Vol 2). Edited by JM Hastings. TT Clark, Edinburgh: p. 552
  4. R. B. Parkinson, Whitfield Diffie, Mary Fischer, R. S. Simpson (1999) Cracking Codes: The Rosetta Stone and Decipherment, University of California Press: p. 30
  5. Gayre, R (1973) The Syro-Mesopotamian Ethnology As Revealed in Genesis X. The Amorial, Edinburgh, Scotland: p. 50
  6. Custance, AC (1975) Noah's Three Sons. Zondervan, Michigan, p. 81
  7. Driver, HE (1969) Indians Of North America. University Of Chicago Press: p. 112
  8. Strabo, Geography 5.2.4
  9. Josephus, Antiquities 12.4.10
  10. A common practice. For example, a horse is called caballo in Spanish and cheval in French. Apricot in English is Abricot in French. The letters B, V, W, P, and F, are perpetually interchanged from one language to another.

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