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A statue of Hippocrates. Salvador, Bahia. Brazil.

Hippocrates of Cos or Hippokrates of Kos (Ἱπποκράτης, Hippokrátēs; c. 460 BC – c. 370 BC) was an ancient Greek physician considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is consider the father of western medicine. He is the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine. The "Hippocratic Oath" is traditionally a solemn declaration made ​​by doctors on the occasion of his graduation. It is believed that the text is written by Hippocrates or one of his disciples.


Around seventy early medical works are recognized as components of the Hippocratic Corpus (Corpus hippocraticum), a colection of works attributed to Hippocrates. It is not sure Hippocrates is the author of these works. This became known as the ‘Hippocratic question’: the question of which works in the Hippocratic Corpus were actually written by Hippocrates himself.[1] The volumes were probably produced by his students and followers. Among these:

  • On Ancient Medicine or Tradition in Medicine
  • Prognostics
  • Aphorisms
  • Epidemics I and III
  • On Regimen in Acute Diseases
  • On Airs, Waters, and Places
  • On the Articulations or On Joints
  • On Fractures
  • On the Instruments of Reduction or Mochlicon
  • On Injuries of the Head
  • The Hippocratic Oath
  • The Law or The Canon
  • The Physician's Establishment or Surgery


  1. Hippocrates (2005). Scarborough, John; Van der Eijk, Philip J.; Hanson, Ann; Siraisi, Nancy. ed. On Ancient Medicine: Studies on ancient Medicine. 28. Leiden, The Netherlands. p. 2. ISBN 90-04-13758-0.