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Havilah (son of Cush)

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Havilah (Hebrew: חוילה, Khavīlāh; "Name means::circle") was the second son of Cush according to Genesis 10:7 .


Recognized by anthropologists as being related to the Australian Aboriginals and Veddoids of southern India, are the Melanesians, Micronesians, and New Guineans (Papuans). However, they have mutated into quite a different looking stock. Who is the ancestor of these black people? Again, we must return to the Bible, foundation of anthropological knowledge.


It appears that a branch of Havilah, son of Cush, joined with some descendants of his brother Seba in migrating to Ethiopia. They were known as Avalitae, dwelling just south and west of Arabia Felix, in Ethiopia on the Sea of Adan south of Bab-al-Mandeb. There they founded a town called Avalis (modern Zeila). It is these people after whom the district of Khawlan in Arabia Felix, may be named.

Middle East

There is also the Chavlotai on the Persian Gulf (Huvaila in Bahrain), the town of Nagar Havili in India 110 kilometers north of Mumbai and the town of Chwala on the Caspian Sea, indicating the migration of these people through that region.


We also hear of some of these people in the Caucasus; Eadia, in his A Biblical Cyclopedia (1848) relates the following:

Havilah ... It is supposed by some to be the same with Colchis, ... A country ... where the Chavilah of later times is found.

Another source states that "Some have supposed Havilah to be the same as the auriferous Colchis of the Ancients". Saint Jerome in his catalogue of ecclesiastical writers wrote that in the first century Saint Andrew proclaimed the Gospel to the peoples of the Colchis whom he identifies as "Ethiopians".


All Josephus tells us is that Havilah gave rise to the Getuli. He is perhaps confusing them with the Goth who dwelt in the Caucasus area ... From the Colchis they journeyed with other black peoples into India. Spanish writer Colin in his Native Races and their Customs said that the descendants of Havilah were in India. Pocoke wrote that:

The Cabool River ... the Indus ... Both rivers have gold in their sands ... [these] compasseth the whole land of Havilah.

The Jewish Targum also mentions them as dwelling in India. From there they migrated to the south-east Asian mainland from where anthropologists pick up the story. They all trace the Melanesians back to south-east Asia; some even to India.

Papua New Guinea

One adventurous anthropologist, Taylor, states that the Papuans are comparable with certain of the central and east Africans: both have woolly hair; their skin colour is chocolate to sooty; facial index is 67 for the former, 70 for the latter; cranial capacity is 1,412 for the former, 1,424 for the latter, and cephalic index is 70.4 and 71.2 respectively. However, their blood groups are quite different. Undoubtedly the black races of Africa and Asia are related through Ham. They certainly did not "evolve" separately thousands of miles apart.

One tribe located in Papua New Guinea is the Elema. This could well be a derivation of Elam, the area that so many Cushites occupied after the Global flood. One researcher has actually found a story among them akin to the Tower of Babel:

It goes that at one time all the people of Papua New Guinea lived at a place called PawPaw, close to Muru in the Vailala area. Even the mountain Mamea (Kukukuku) lived there. Everybody was happy and lived in perfect peace, Mutual understanding was assured since they all shared a common language. Nobody ever died in these days and, since heaven was much lower than it is now ... On looking into heaven ... people could see spirit beings with white skins and wings. They were like angels. This is the reason why, in 1908 when Captain Moresby and Captain Cook sailed to Papua New Guinea in a small canoe, the people thought they were spiritual beings from heaven ...
The people at Pawpaw had embarked upon a project intended to bring them even closer to God in heaven. This was to be achieved by building a great, tall house to reach the sky'. Now that got God worried. He did not want all the people to join him and he realized that with heaven being so low their task would soon be completed unless he stopped them. God's solution was to give people working on different levels of the house seperate languages." [emphasis added]

Although the Micronesians (to the west and north of the Melanesians) are similar in features and hair, they have lighter skins. It is possible that Micronesians are a mix of Polynesians and Melanesians (with the latter predominating).

Finally, Sir Walter Raleigh's History of the World published in 1614 includes a map of southern Asia and the Indian Ocean showing the passages of Havilah, Nimrod, and Ophir into India in ancient times.

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