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Golgi apparatus

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The Golgi apparatus is a cellular organelle that processes and packages various macromolecules into vesicles. This organelle makes biochemical changes in the content of the vesicles originating from the endoplasmic reticulum and then distributes these vesicles to different locations along the cell.[1] It was first described in 1898 by an Italian anatomist named Camillo Golgi. This discovery earned its discoverer a Nobel prize in 1906.[2]

Proteins to be exported are passed from the Endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi apparatus for further processing, packaging, and transport to a variety of other cellular locations.[3]

Transmission electron microscope image of a human leukocyte golgi apparatus.

References

  1. Rana, Fazale (2008). The Cell´s Design: How Chemistry Reveals the Creator´s Artistry. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Books. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-8010-6827-0. 
  2. Karp, Gerald (2008). Cell and Molecular Biology:Concepts and experiments (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. p. 293. ISBN 978-0-470-04217-5. 
  3. What is a Cell? by the National Center for Biotechnology Information