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Cyrus the Great

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Emperor Cyrus the Great of Persia, who permitted the Hebrews to return to the Holy Land and rebuild God's Temple.

Cyrus the Great also known as Cyrus II of Persia (Persian: کوروش بزرگ , Hebrew: כֹ֙ורֶשׁ֙, kôresh, Greek: Κύρος, kiros c. Born::600 BC or Born::576 BC-Died::530 BC) was the founder of the vast Achaemenid Empire. He was the conqueror and ruler of Babylon from 539 BC until his death in 530 BC.[1] He was the son of Cambyses, king of Anshan.[2]

Conquests and military campaigns

Under King Cyrus, Persia became a great power conquering its neighbors, the Medes, the Lydians and the Babylonian empire. Around 540 BC, Cyrus defeated Croseus bringing independence of Lydia to an end.[3]


  1. Unger, Merrill F (1988). Harrison, R. K.. ed. The New Unger´s Bible Dictionary. Chicago: Moody Press. pp. 269. ISBN 0-8024-9037-9. 
  2. Douglas, J.D.; Tenney, Merril C, ed. (1987). The New International Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House. p. 247. ISBN 0-310-33190-0. 
  3. Pfeiffer, Charles F (1979). Baker´s Bible Atlas. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House. p. 44. ISBN 0-8010-6930-0.