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Cush (land)

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Landscape of Nubia
Cush redirects here. For the article on the son of Ham, see Cush (man).

Cush (Hebrew: כוש, Kûš) is the name of a geographic area mentioned in the Bible located on the upper Nile, south of Egypt namely Nubia or northern Sudan, 'Ethiopia' of classical writers.[1] The territory would be better designated as Nubia, the region south of the first cataract of the river Nile.[2] It was settled by the Cushites (or Ethiopians).

The first mention of the term Cush is in Genesis 2:13 when mention the river Gihon, the second arm of the River Eden, which surrounded the land of Cush. But this, as well as Genesis 10:8 , is a reference to an early Mesopotamian Cush, Asiatic, probably the Kassites.[3] The Topaz came from Cush Job 28:19 . The wife of Moses was a cushite making her the target of criticism from Miriam and Aaron as in Numbers 12:1 .[4]

See Also


  1. Douglas, J. D., ed. (1980). The Illustrated Bible Dictionary. 1. Inter-Varsity Press/Tyndale House Publishers. p. 349-350. ISBN 0-8423-7525-2. 
  2. Pfeiffer, Charles F (1979). Baker´s Bible Atlas. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House. p. 30. ISBN 0-8010-6930-0. 
  3. Unger, Merrill F (1988). Harrison, R. K.. ed. The New Unger´s Bible Dictionary. Chicago: Moody Press. p. 267. ISBN 0-8024-9037-9. 
  4. Douglas, J.D.; Tenney, Merril C, ed. (1987). The New International Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House. p. 244. ISBN 0-310-33190-0.