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Book of Enoch

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The back side of P.Mich.inv. 5552, showing portions of the Book of Enoch in Greek.

The Book of Enoch or 1 Enoch[note 1] also known as 1 Ethiopic Apocalypse of Enoch[1] is an apocryphal book attributed to Enoch, the great-grandfather of Noah, dated to Maccabean times (ca. 160s BC). It is generally considered pseudepigraphal by most Christians but, it is accepted by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church as inspired Scripture and is part of their official canon.[2] It is the oldest of the three pseudepigrapha attributed to Enoch.[1] 1 Enoch is found complete only in Ethiopic with more than 40 manuscripts, but fragments exist in Greek and Latin and Aramaic fragments of the book were also found among the Dead Sea Scrolls.[1]

See Also


  1. There are two other works attributed to Enoch; 2 Enoch, a 1st century text written in Old Slavonic and 3 Enoch, a surviving Hebrew manuscript from c. 5th-6th century


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Isaac, E (1983). "1 (Ethiopic Apocalypse of) Enoch". In Charlesworth, James H. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: Apocalyptic Literature and Testaments. 1. Peabody. Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers. p. 5-12. ISBN 0-385-09630-5. 
  2. The Biblical Canon of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church Today

External Links