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Arpachshad or Arphaxad (Hebrew: ארפכשד, ʼArpaḵshāḏ; Greek: Ἀρφαξάδ, Arphaxād; Arabic: أرفخشذ, Ārfakhshad; "Name means::healer, releaser") (Born::Tammuz 1658 AM-Died::Tammuz 2096 AM) was the third son of son of::Shem (Genesis 10:22 ) and the immediate progenitor of Y-chromosomal Haplogroup K including the Chaldaeans, as well as an ancestor of Abraham (Genesis 11:12-26 ). He had four known brothers, named brother of::Aram, brother of::Asshur, brother of::Elam, and brother of::Lud.

He was born in 1658 AM, two years after the Global Flood[1] and lived for Age of parenthood::35 years, having had a son named father of::Salah. However in the Septuagint, his son is identified as Cainan (Greek: Καϊνάμ, Kaïnam; Hebrew: קינן, Qēnān), while Salah is identified as Arpachshad's grandson. Cainan is also listed as Arpachshad's son in the Gospel of Luke 3:36 and the Book of Jubilees 8:1. He died 403 years later. His total lifespan was therefore life span::438 years, less than half that of his grandfather Noah—an indication of the radical changes that the Global Flood wrought upon the earth.

Another Arpachshad, spoken of in the deuterocanonical Book of Judith[2], is referred as being the "king of the Medes" contemporary with Nebuchadnezzar II, but this is thought to be a corruption of either Phraortes (Fravartiš) or Cyaxares (Hvakhshathra), the names of two historic Persian kings from that era.


Y-chromosomal Haplogroup K


According to Genesis 11:31 , Abraham was born in Ur Kaśdim (or Ur of the Chaldees). The problem is that there are several ancient sites in that region called Ur. The sites of Urfa, Urkesh, Kutha, Uruk, and Urim have been identified, at one point or another, as the Biblical Ur Kaśdim. In Genesis 12:1 , after Abram (later Abraham) and his father Terah have left Ur Kaśdim for Haran in Aram-Naharaim, God instructs Abram to leave his native land (Hebrew: מולדת, mowledeth).

Similarly, in Genesis 24:4-10 , Abraham instructs his servant to bring a wife for Isaac from his mowledeth, and the servant departs for Aram-Naharaim. Hence, Abraham's birthplace is somewhere in Aram-Naharaim (literally "Aram of the Two Rivers). Based on the meaning of its name, we see that Aram-Naharaim was located in Aram (ancient Syria) between the two rivers (the Tigris and Euphrates). Thus, Ur of the Chaldees can be best identified as the modern city of Urfa (also called Şanlıurfa) in Turkey, which was known in antiquity as Edessa, near the ancient Kingdom of Urartu. Therefore, the Sumerian site of Urim (Tell el-Mukayyar) is not the Biblical city of Ur Kaśdim, as has often been speculated.

Urfa (Ur Kaśdim) is indeed located on the other side of the Euphrates River from Canaan, and is in the region of Aram-Naharaim. There is no debate over where Haran is located, 10 miles north of the Syrian border in Turkey along the Balikh River, a tributary of the Euphrates River. Haran later became an important Hurrian center, mentioned in the Nuzi tablets. If Ur were located in Southern Iraq, why would Abraham travel 60 miles way out of his way to go to Haran?

The names of several of Abraham's relatives like Peleg, Serug, Nahor and Terah, appear as names of cities in the region of Haran.[3] In northern Syria, in 1975, the archives of ancient Ebla (a city 150 miles south of Haran) were discovered. This city existed during the time of Abram. And mentioned in the Ebla texts, uncontested, are cities whose names reflect Abraham's relatives: "Phaliga" (Peleg); "Sarugi" (Serug); "Til-Turakhi" (Terah); "Nakhur" (Nahor); and "Harran" (Haran). They also mention "Ur in the region of Haran." A town called Nahuru (Nahor, the name of Abraham's grandfather as well as a brother) is known from both the Cappadocian tablets and the Mari texts to be in the same region. The name of Abraham's father, Terah, is preserved at Til-sa-Turah, the "ruin of Terah" in the Balikh Valley.

Abraham sent his servant back to the region of Haran to find a wife for Isaac (Genesis 24:10 ). After working for Laban, Jacob fled across the Euphrates River back to Canaan (Genesis 31:21 ). If Ur was located Southern Iraq, then Jacob would not need to cross the Euphrates. Laban lived in Paddan-Aram, which is in the region of Haran (Genesis 28:5-7 ), which seems to be the same area as Aram-Naharaim, Abraham's homeland (Genesis 24:10 ).

See Also

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  1. Genesis 11:12-13
  2. Judith 1:1, 1:5
  3. Harper's Bible Dictionary, p. 373

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