Amidah (Hebrew: תפילת העמידה, Tefilat HaAmidah, "The Standing Prayer"), plural form (Hebrew: עמידות, Amidot) also known as (Hebrew: שמנה עשרה, Shmoneh Esreh, "The Eighteen"[note 1]) is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy. The term "to be standing", is a reference to the fact that they say the prayer standing, having their feet together, looking in the direction of Jerusalem.
This prayer is one of the prayers found in siddur, the traditional Jewish prayer book. As long as the central prayer of Judaism the Amidah is often designated simply as תפילה, tefila, "prayer", in Rabbinic literature.
The tractate ברכות, Berakhot of the first order of Mishnah and Talmud, סדר זרעים, Seder Zeraim deals, among other topics, with the Amidah prayer. The obligation to pray three times a day, which was established by Ezra and codified in this treaty, is fulfilled by reciting the Amidah.
|1||אבות, Avot||Ancestors||Offers praise to God as the God of the biblical patriarchs. The God of history.|
|2||גבורות, Gevurot||Powers||Offers praise to God for His power and strength. He who raises the dead.|
|3||קדושת השם, Kedushat ha-Shem||The sanctification of the Name||Offers praise of God's holiness.|
|4||בינה, Binah||Understanding, comprehension||Ask God to grant wisdom and understanding. God is gracious giver of knowledge.|
|5||תשובה, Teshuvah||Return, repentance||Asks God to help Jews to return to a life based on the Torah, and praises God as a God of repentance. God is the one who delights in repentance.|
|6||סְלִיחָה, Selichah||Forgiveness||Asks for forgiveness for all sins, and praises God as being a God of forgiveness. God is the one who is merciful and always ready to forgive.|
|7||גאולה, Ge’ulah||Redemption||Offers praise to God as a rescuer of the people Israel.|
|8||רפואה, Refuah||Healing||Prayer requesting God to heal the sick.|
|9||ברכת השנים, Birkat Hashanim||Blessing of the years||Asks God to bless the produce of the earth. An appeal for a prosperous year.|
|10||גלויות, Galuyot or
קיבוץ גלויות, Kibbutz Galuyot
|Diasporas||Asks God to allow the ingathering of the dispersed Jews in exile back to the land of Israel.|
|11||ברכת הדין, Birkat HaDin||Justice||Asks God to restore righteous judges as in the days of old.|
|12||ברכת המינים, Birkat HaMinim||The sectarians, heretics||Asks God to destroy those in heretical sects, who slander Jews and who act as informers against Jews.|
|13||צדיקים, Tzadikim||Righteous||Asks God to have mercy on all who trust in Him, and asks for support for the righteous.|
|14||בונה ירושלים, Bo'ne Yerushalayim||Builder of Jerusalem||Asks God to to rebuild Jerusalem and to restore the Kingdom of David.|
|15||ברכת דוד, Birkat David||Blessing of David||Asks God to bring the descendant of King David, who will be the messiah.|
|16||תפילה, Tefillah||Prayer||Asks God to accept our prayers, to have mercy and be compassionate. God is the one who hears prayer.|
|17||עבודה, Avodah||Service||Asks God to restore the Temple services and sacrificial services. God is the one who restores the divine presence to Zion|
|18||הודיה, Hoda'ah||Thanksgiving||This is a prayer of thanksgiving, thanking God for our lives, for our souls, and for God's miracles that are with us every day|
|19||שים שלום, Sim Shalom||Grant Peace||This is a prayer for peace, goodness, blessings, kindness and compassion|
- In reference to contain originally eighteen blessings constituents, and there are now nineteen, because one was added around 100 AD by Samuel ha-Katan directed by Gamaliel II, head of the Sanhedrin at Yavneh. The blessing that was added is the current 12th of 19
- The Shemoneh Esrei - Reciting the Weekday Amidah Prayers by hebrew4christians.com
- The Amidah Prayer by David Bivin from Jerusalem Perspective
- La Amidá ó las 18 Bendiciones (Shemoné Esré) por Alvaro Eliyahu BaYonah (in Spanish)
- The Amidah na Jewish Virtual Library
- The Amidah na My Jewish Learning.com
-  A Amidá em Hebraico pelo "The Open Siddur Project"
-  Várias versões da Amidá pelo "The Open Siddur Project"