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Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
(Persian: Jamhūrī-ye Islāmī-ye Afġānistān)
د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
(Pashto: De Afġānistān Islāmī Jomhoriyat)
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: دا وطن افغانستان دی (Persian)
Milli Tharana
National Anthem
Official language(s) Dari (Persian) and Pashto
Demonym Afghan, Afghani, Afghanistani
Government Islamic presidential republic
 -  Vice President Ahmad Zia Massoud
 -  Vice President Karim Khalili
 -  Chief Justice Abdul Salam Azimi
Establishment Independence from Great Britain 
 -  Water (%) 0
 -  2007 estimate 31,889,923 
 -  1979 census 13,051,358 
 -  Density 46/km2 (150)
119.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total 20,099,000,000 (96)
 -  Per capita 733 (172)
GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate
 -  Total 9,596,000,000 
 -  Per capita 350 
Currency Afghani (AFN)
Time zone AFT (UTC+4.5)
Internet TLD .af
Calling code 93

Afghanistan (Persian and Pashto: افغانستان, Afġānistān) or the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان, Jamhūrī-ye Islāmī-ye Afġānistān; Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت, De Afġānistān Islāmī Jomhoriyat) is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It is bordered by Iran in the west, Pakistan in the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the easternmost part of the country.


The Taliban and Al Qaeda

Osama bin Laden was the founder and the head of a secret network of irregular combatants, or "terrorists," known by its Arabic name of Al-Qaeda (literally, "The Base"). He was trained specifically during his involvement with the combatants Mujahideen of Afghanistan that managed to repel a Soviet military lacking guerrilla training for 10 years (1979-1989). [1] Through tribal lines Tajiks (from Tajikistan), Uzbeks (from Uzbekistan) and Pashtuns (from Eastern Iran) formed a government called the Northern Alliance being focused in Mazar-i Sharif (north-west) while the Taliban, a mostly Pashtun Sunni Islamist political movement based on Shari'a Law was based in Kabul with its capture in 1996.[2] Later recruiting and more financing by Bin Laden developed Al-Qaeda, in which found safe haven in Afghanistan, enabling it to perpetrate a number of acts of sabotage and mass-murder in the last decade of the twentieth century.